Critical Notes (click arrow for more info)


For an explanation of this composite visual metaphor please view the  video below.


Issksinima’tstohksinn is about co-evolving responsibilities for the Niipaitapiiwahsin way of life. It encompasses all forms of education including grade school, Pómmakssin (becoming responsible for keeping a bundle), becoming responsible for conducting ceremony, becoming responsible for teaching certain knowledge. It occurs when a mother teaches a child to make a meal, when a brother teaches a game, or when the land provides experiences for observing its constant changes. Teaching, learning, and knowing are always contextual and inseparable. "Niitap Ototamapiwa Issksinnimatstohksinni - Education is of great importance" (Bastien, 2004, p. 211)

Teaching (click arrow for more info)
Learning (click arrow for more info)
Knowing (click arrow for more info)
Commentary (click arrow for more info)
Bibliography (click arrow for more info)

Please cite this article as:
Francis, K., & Davis, B., Elliott, M., Staahtsisttayaaki Fox, G. A. (2022) “Issksinima’tstohksinn" (Blackfoot). in Metaphors of Learning in Different Languages.

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