یتعلم yataealam Root Metaphor علم (eilm) – realization of truth, light of God Illustrative Example of Root Metaphor Etymology علم (eilm) linguistically means the realization, perception الادراك (aladirak) of a thing as it is, which is certain truth الحقيقة (alhaqiqa) and knowledge المعرفة, (almaerifatu) and science العلم (aleilm) technically means a set of facts, facts, theories, and research methods that abound in […]Chinese
Root Metaphor 學 xué – studying, 學習 xué xi – habitual and frequent practicing, studying, reviewing Composite Visual Metaphor Etymology Developed as a pictographic, ideographic, and phono-semantic language, characters in the Chinese language may be considered as a type of logogram with written symbols that represent words rather than sounds. Similar to a picture, each character is worth 1,000 words. This makes translating difficult because several […]Czech
The root of learn in Czech is from the proto-slavic zvyknǫti which means to tame, to acclimate, to habituate.English
The root metaphor of learn in English means "to furrow" or "to track" (from PIE lois). This is consistent with the attainment metaphor of learning.Farsi
The root of learn in Farsi is یاد yad (what the son remembers) which means "to receive". This is a passive version of the acquisition metaphor of learningFrench
The roots of the word Apprendre can be found in the Latin roots of the word apprendere “to take hold of, grasp”. This is a version of acquisition metaphor.German
The root metaphor of learn in German is derived from the PIE lois which means "to track" or "to furrow". This is consistent with the attainment metaphor of learningHebrew
ללמוד – Lilmod Root Metaphor מלמד בקר Melamed/Malmadh – cattle prod Illustrative Example of Root Metaphor Etymology The Hebrew word for learn is Lilmod ללמוד. Learning and Teaching have the same root in Hebrew which is etymologically related to Lamed מלמד Lamed/Lāmádh (which means the rod of the teacher) originates from the root word melamed/malmadh מלמד בקר – which means cattle prod or “ox […]Japanese
Manabu 学ぶ. Both 学ぶ manabu (‘to study’) and 習narau (‘to learn’), come from the Chinese characters 倣るmaneru (‘to imitate’) and 慣れるnareru (‘to get accustomed’)Latin
The most common Latin word for learn, discite, combines a pair of metaphors – dividing and accepting.Lithuanian
The Lithuanian word for learn - mokintis comes from móku – ‘mokėjau which means to ‘know how to do’, ‘be knowledgeable about’, ‘be proficient’.Romanian
Francis, K., Davis, B., & Mitrache, D. “Invăţa (Romanian)” in Metaphors of Learning in Different Languages. https://learningdiscoursesRussian
“Учи́ть” (uchit’) comes from the Slavic root укъ «учение» the same root as in Lithuanian jaukìnti «приучать» (to teach somebody to be used to doing something), Armenian usanim «учусь, приучаюсь» (learning to be used to doing something). This word is thought to relate to the skill, the habit of getting used to something, Proto-Slavic root vyknǫti, which means “getting accustomed to.”Spanish
he roots of the word Apprender can be found in the Latin roots of the word apprendere “to take hold of, grasp”. This is a version of acquisition metaphor.
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